Lest We Forget - African American Military History by Researcher, 
				Author and Veteran Bennie McRae, Jr.

Black, Red and Deadly

Black, Red and Deadly

Black and Indian Gunfighters
of the Indian Territories, 1870-1907

by Art T. Burton

Cherokee Bill, one of the meanest of the mean, was hanged for the murder of thirteen men by the time he was twenty. Author Art Burton recounts the exploits of Cherokee Bill and other black and Indian outlaws and lawmen in Black, Red and Deadly, the story of law and lawlessness in the Indian Territory. He also tells of Dick Glass, the most notorious African-American outlaw during the 1880s; Ned Christie, the most feared Indian outlaw of his time; the Rufus Buck gang, who gained instant notoriety with murder, plunder, and rape; as well as others who rode the trail of crime. The author introduces Ezekiel Proctor, the only man with whom the U.S. government made a treaty; Indian policemen known as "Lighthorsemen"; fearless Sam Sixkiller; black men who rode for Judge Isaac "Hanging Judge" Parker, such as Grant Johnson, who arrested more men than anyone who worked the northern district; and Bass Reeves, the greatest manhunter of them all. Blacks were hired as peace officers because of their knowledge of the Indian Territory. All-black cavalry units built Fort Sill in the 1870s and kept settlers in check before the Land Run of 1889, when; Oklahoma Territory was opened to settlement.

Copyright 1991. 304 pages, 25 pages of photographs, bibliography, index, hardback. Published by Eakin Press, Austin, Texas.


History Department
South Suburban College
15800 South State Street
South Holland, Illinois 60473

Telephone: (708) 596-2000 ext. 2276

Go to Art T. Burton's Hoempage


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Category: Western Frontier | Subcategory: Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts | Tags: Cherokee , Oklahoma , Texas , Illinois , 1870
Related Topics / Keywords / Phrases: 1580, 1870, 1880, 1889, 1907, 1991, 2000, African-American, Cavalry, Cherokee (Indians), Illinois, Indian Territory, Ohio, Oklahoma, Parker, settlers, Territory, Texas,