Principal Crops of Oklahoma
Researched and posted by Bennie J. McRae, Jr.
SOURCE: The Negro Farmer - Saturday, June 6, 1914. Published by the Negro Farmer Publishing Company, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama. - Isaac Fisher, Editor and Business Manager
The leading field crops of the State, in the order of their importance, as judged by value, are: corn, $48,081.000; cotton, $35,399,000; wheat, $13,854,000; hay and forage, $9,639,000; oats, $7,172,000; broom corn, $2,559,000; kafir corn and milo maize, $2,531,000; and potatoes, $1,250,000.
Among the cereals corn exceeds all others in importance, representing more than two-thirds of the total acreage and total value. Wheat ranks second among the cereals, having an acreage about two tenths as great as corn, and a value about three tenths as great. Oats, with a much smaller acreage, stands third among the cereals, and kafir corn and milo maize fourth. Cotton ranks next to corn in both acreage and value, its acreage being about one-third as great as that of corn, and the value of the crop nearly three-fourths as great.
Corn is reported by 78 out of every 100 farmers, cotton by 46, hay and forage by 34. potatoes by 24, oats by 17, kafir corn and milo maize by 16, wheat by 12, and broom corn by 5. The largest acreages of corn and, oats are in the western part of the State, excluding, however, a few counties along the western border, together with the Panhandle. The wheat acreage is nearly all to the northwest of a line drawn from Tilman County, in the southwestern part of the State, to Delaware County, in the north- eastern part. The acreage of hay and forage is more evenly distributed over the State than is that of the cereals. Cotton production predominates in the counties between the Arkansas and Red Rivers.
All the fruits except distinctly tropical fruits and cranberries can be successful grown in Oklahoma, Especially fine apples and peaches have been produced. Many excellent and productive apple, peach, and pear orchards and vineyards are now to be seen throughout the State. Within eight years after the first settlement of Oklahoma, peaches were being shipped out in carload quantities. Plums and cherries are profitably grown, cherries being now shipped out of the State in carload quantities. Small fruits and berries are grown in nearly all localities. Truck gardening can be made to yield a good profit. The soil seems peculiarly adapted to melons and strawberries, especially watermelons. -- Agricultural Opportunities.