General Orders No. 11 - David Hunter
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
Hilton Head, S.C., May 9, 1862.
GENERAL ORDERS, No. 11:
The three States of Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina, comprising the Military Department of the South, having deliberately declared themselves no longer under the protection of the United States of America, and having taken up arms against the said United States, it became a military necessity to declare them under martial law. This was accordingly done on the 25th day of April, 1862. Slavery and martial law in a free country are altogether incompatible. The persons in these three States, Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina, heretofore held as slaves, are therefore declared forever free.
Ed. W. Smith, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General."
NOTE: General Orders No. 11 as issued by Major General Hunter was immediately annulled by President Abraham Lincoln.