Lest We Forget - African American Military History by Researcher, 
					Author and Veteran Bennie McRae, Jr.

Civil War Battles -- United States Colored Troops

Civil War Battles
United States Colored Troops

Researched and Compiled by Bennie J. McRae, Jr. lwf@coax.net

 

NOTE: Listed below are regimental designations as of the end of the Civil War. Many regiments when organized were assigned State or Corps d' Afrique designations and redesignated after the establishment of the Bureau of Colored Troops on May 22, 1863 under General Order No. 143 by order of the Secretary of War. For example, the 3rd U.S. Colored Cavalry Regiment was organized as the 1st Mississippi Cavalry Regiment (African Descent); the 79th U.S. Infantry Regiment, organized as 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers; the 78th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment, organized as the 6th Infantry Corps d' Afrique; the 5th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment, organized as the 127th Ohio Infantry (African Descent), etc.

Another example, during the Battle of Milliken's Bend, Louisiana the participating regiments were designated as follows; 9th Louisiana Volunteers (5th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery), 11th Louisiana Volunteers (49th U.S. Colored Infantry), and 1st Mississippi Volunteers (51st U.S. Colored Infantry).

A number of regiments not listed below participated in minor skrimishes or performed mostly picket or other non-combat duties, therefore show no record of participation in any major battle or skirmish.

Four regiments maintained State designations throughout the war: 54th and 55th Massachusetts Volunteers, 5th Massachusetts Colored Cavalry, and the 29th Connecticut Infantry.


ABBREVIATIONS

  • BTRY = Unit of Light Artillery
  • CONN INF = Connecticut Volunteer Infantry
  • MASS INF = Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
  • USCC = United States Colored Cavalry Regiment
  • USCHA = United States Colored Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • USCI = United States Colored Infantry Regiment
  • USCLA = United States Colored Light Artillery Regiment



- CHRONOLOGY -

 

 

1862

 

DATE/S LOCATION REGIMENT/S STATE/ORG
October 27 & 28 Island Mound, MO 79th USCI (NEW) KS

 

1863

 

January 26 Township, FL 33rd USCI SC
April 9 East Pascagoula, MS 74th USCI LA
March 29 Jacksonville, FL 33rd USCI SC
May 18 Sherwood, MO 79th USCI (NEW) KS
May 22 to July 8 Port Hudson, LA 73rd USCI LA
    75th USCI LA
    78th USCI LA
    79th USCI (OLD) LA
    80th USCI LA
    81st USCI LA
    82nd USCI LA
    95th USCI LA
May 27 Lake Providence, LA 47th USCI LA
June 5 thru 7 Milliken's Bend, LA 5th USCHA MS
    49th USCI LA
    51st USCI MS
June 29 Mound Plantation, LA 46th USCI AR
    49th USCI LA
    51st USCI MS
July 1 & 2 Cabin Creek, CN 79th USCI (NEW) KS
July 10 Milltown Bluff, SC 33rd USCI SC
July 16 James Island, SC 54th MASS INF MA
July 17 Honey Springs, IT 79th USCI (NEW) KS
July 18 Fort Wagner, SC 54th MASS INF MA
July 27 Lawrence, KS 79th USCI (NEW) KS
August 3 Jackson, LA 73rd USCI LA
    75th USCI LA
    78th USCI LA
August 10 Bayou Tensas, LA 48th USCI LA
August 26 Fort Wagner, SC 3rd USCI PA
August 27 Vicksburg, MS 5th USCHA MS
September 6 Fort Wagner, SC 54th MASS INF MA
October 6 Baxter's Springs, KS 83rd USCI (NEW) KS
November 9 Bayou Tunica, LA 73rd USCI LA
November 11 Natchez, MS 58th USCI MS
November 17 Bayou St. Louis, MS 91st USCI LA
November 24 Hall Island, SC 33rd USCI SC
November 26 Plymouth, NC 10th USCI VA
December 4 Moscow Station, TN 61st USCI TN
December 13 Bayou Boeuf, AR 3rd USCC MS
December 18 Sandy Swamp, NC 5th USCI OH
December 18 Indiantown, NC 36th USCI NC

1864

January 20 Island No. 76, MS 2nd USCLA Btry E LA
February 3 Haynes' Bluff, MS 53rd USCI MS
February 3 Liverpool Heights, MS 47th USCI LA
February 4 Columbia, LA 66th USCI MS
February 13 Vicksburg, MS 52nd USCI MS
February 14 Ross' Landing, AR 51st USCI MS
February 14 Waterproof, LA 49th USCI LA
February 17 Horse-Head Creek, AR 79th USCI (NEW) KS
February 20 Olustee, FL 8th USCI PA
    35th USCI NC
    54th MASS INF MA
February 28 Yazoo Expedition, MS 3rd USCC MS
March 2 New Kent Court House, VA 5th USCI OH
March 4 Williamsburg, VA 6th USCI PA
March 5 Yazoo City, MS 3rd USCC MS
    47th USCI LA
March 9 Suffolk, VA 2nd USCC VA
March 20 Pass Manchas, LA 10th USCHA LA
March 20 Roseville Creek, AR 79th USCI (NEW) KS
March 24 Goodrich's Landing, LA 66th USCI MS
March 25 Fort Anderson, KY 8th USCHA KY
March 31 Roache's Plantation, MS 3rd USCC MS
April-- Haynes' Bluff, MS 3rd USCC MS
April 1 Plymouth, NC 37th USCI NC
April 9 Pleasant Hill, LA 75th USCI LA
April 12 Fort Pollow, TN 2nd USCLA Btry F TN
    11th USCI (NEW) AL
April 13 Indian Bay, AR 56th USCI AR
April 13 Prairie D'Ann, AR 79th USCI (NEW) KS
    83rd USCI (NEW) KS
April 18 Plymouth, NC 10th USCI VA
April 18 Poison Springs, AR 79th USCI (NEW) KS
April 20 Waterproof, LA 63rd USCI LA
April 24 Camden, AR 57th USCI AR
April 25 Natchez, MS 98th USCI LA
April 26 Berwick, LA 98th USCI LA
April 26 & 28 Little Rock, AR 57th USCI AR
April 30 Jenkins' Ferry, AR 79th USCI (NEW) KS
    83rd USCI (NEW) KS
May-- Red River Expedition, LA 92nd USCI LA
May 1 Jacksonville, FL 7th USCI MD
May 1 & 4 Ashwood Landing, LA 64th USCI LA
May 3 "City Belle," Steamer, LA 73rd USCI LA
May 4 Jenkins' Ferry, AR 83rd USCI (NEW) KS
May 4 Bermuda Hundred, VA 4th USCI MD
May 4 Saline River, AR 83rd USCI (NEW) KS
May 6 City Point, VA 5th USCI OH
May 10 Drury's Bluff, VA 2nd USCC VA
May 13 Pulaski, TN 111th USCI AL
May 13 Point Lookout, VA 36th USCI NC
May 13 Yazoo City, MS 3rd USCC MS
May 15 Mount Pleasant Landing, LA 67th USCI MO
May 16 Ashepoo River, SC 34th USCI SC
May 16 Drury's Bluff, VA 2nd USCC VA
May 18 Morganzia, LA 73rd USCI LA
May 20 Drury's Bluff, VA 2nd USCC VA
May 20 Bermuda Hundred, VA 1st USCC VA
May 21 James Island, SC 55th MASS INF MA
May 23 St. John's River, SC 35th USCI NC
May 24 Nashville, TN 15th USCI TN
May 24 Wilson's Wharf, VA 2nd USCLA Btry B VA
    1st USCI DC
    10th USCI VA
May 28 Jacksonville, FL 7th USCI MD
May 31 Dallas, GA 110th USCI AL
June-- City Point, VA 2nd USCLA Btry B VA
June 2 Davis' Bend, LA 64th USCI LA
June 4 Vicksburg, MS 3rd USCC MS
June 7 Ripley, MS 55th USCI AL
June 9 Point of Rocks, VA 2nd USCC VA
June 10 Brice's Cross Roads, MS 2nd USCLA Btry F TN
    55th USCI AL
    59th USCI TN
June 11 Wilson's Landing, VA 1st USCC VA
June 15 Moscow, TN 55th USCI AL
June 15-Apr 2, 1865 Petersburg, VA 5th MASS CAV MA
    1st USCI DC
    4th USCI MD
    5th USCI OH
    6th USCI PA
    7th USCI MD
    10th USCI VA
    19th USCI MD
    22nd USCI PA
    23rd USCI VA
    27th USCI OH
    28th USCI IN
    29th USCI IL
    29th CONN INF CT
    30th USCI MD
    31st USCI NY
    36th USCI NC
    39th USCI MD
    41st USCI PA
    43rd USCI PA
    45th USCI PA
    116th USCI KY
June 16 Pierson's Farm, VA 36th USCI NC
June 23 Jones' Bridge, VA 28th USCI IN
June 24 New Market Heights, VA 22nd USCI PA
June 25 Ashwood, MS 63rd USCI LA
June 25 Point Pleasant, LA 64th USCI LA
June 29 Meffleton Lodge, AR 56th USCI AR
June 29 Davis' Bend 64th USCI LA
July-- Bayou Mason, MS 66th USCI MS
July-- Floyd, LA 51st USCI MS
July 1 & 2 James Island, SC 33rd USCI SC
    55th MASS INF MA
July 2 Pine Bluff, AR 64th USCI LA
July 4 Vicksburg, MS 48th USCI LA
July 4 Coleman's Plantation, MS 52nd USCI MS
July 5 Jackson, MS 3rd USCC MS
July 5 & 7 James Island, SC 7th USCI MD
July 5 & 7 John's Island, SC 26th USCI NY
July 9 John's Island, SC 7th USCI MD
    34th USCI SC
July 10 Issequena County, MS 66th USCI MS
July 13 thru 15 Tupelo, MS 59th USCI TN
    61st USCI TN
    68th USCI MO
July 16 Goodrich's Landing, LA 66th USCI MS
July 16 Grand Gulf, MS 53rd USCI MS
July 22 Barrancas, FL 82nd USCI LA
July 22 Vidalia, LA 6th USCHA KY
July 26 Wallace's Ferry, AR 56th USCI AR
July 26 Big Creek, AR 2nd USCLA Btry E AR
    60th USCI IA
July 27 Black Creek, FL 35th USCI NC
July 30 Bayou Tensas, LA 66th USCI MS
August-- Fort Pocahontas, VA 1st USCC VA
August 2 Helena, AR 64th USCI LA
August 2 to 8 Fort Gaines, AL 96th USCI LA
August 5 Concordia Bayou, LA 6th USCHA MS
August 5 Cabin Point, VA 1st USCC VA
August 6 Indian Village, LA 11th USCHA RI
August 14 to 18 Deep Bottom, VA 7th USCI MD
    9th USCI MD
August 15 & 16 Dalton, GA 14th USCI TN
August 16 & 17 Waterford, MS 55th USCI AL
    61st USCI TN
August 17 Issequena County, MS 66th USCI MS
August 18 Decatur, TN 1st USCHA TN
August 21 Memphis, TN 61st USCI TN
August 21 Fort Taylor, FL 2nd USCI VA
August 24 Fort Smith, AR 11th USCI (OLD) AR
August 24 Dutch Gap, VA 22nd USCI PA
August 24 & 25 Bermuda Hundred, VA 7th USCI MD
August 25 Clinton, LA 4th USCC LA
August 26 Bayou Tensas, LA 66TH USCI MS
August 27 Owensboro, KY 108th USCI KY
August 28 Holly Springs, MS 11th USCI (NEW) AL
August 29 Ghent, KY 117th USCI KY
August 30 Smithfield, VA 1st USCC VA
September 2 Deep Bottom, VA 2nd USCC VA
September 4 N. and N. W. R.R., TN 100th USCI KY
September 6 Deep Bottom, VA 2nd USCC VA
September 7 Dutch Gap, VA 4th USCI MD
September 14 Camp Marengo, LA 63rd USCI LA
September 16 Fort Gibson, CN 79th USCI (NEW) KS
September 24 Athens, AL 106th USCI AL
    110th USCI AL
    111th USCI AL
September 25 Johnsonville, TN 13th USCI TN
September 25 Henderson, KY 118th USCI KY
September 25 Sulphur Branch Trestle, AL 111th USCI AL
September 26 Richland, TN 111th USCI AL
September 27 Mariana, FL 82nd USCI LA
September 29 & 30 Chapin's Farm, VA 2nd USCC VA
    1st USCI DC
    4th USCI MD
    5th USCI OH
    6th USCI PA
    7th USCI MD
    8th USCI PA
    9th USCI MD
    22nd USCI PA
    29th CONN INF CT
    36th USCI NC/VA
    37th USCI NC/VA
    38th USCI VA
October 1 Deep Bottom, VA 38th USCI VA
October 2 Saltville, VA 5th USCC KY
    6th USCC KY
October 4 Fillmore, VA 1st USCI DC
October 5 Fort Adams, LA 3rd USCC MS
October 10 Eastport, MS 61st USCI TN
October 10 South Tunnel, TN 40th USCI TN
October 11 Fort Donelson, TN 4th USCHA MS
Octobet 13 Darbytown Road, VA 7th USCI MD
    8th USCI PA
    9th USCI MD
    29th CONN INF CT
October 15 Bayou Bidell, LA 52nd USCI MS
October 15 Glasgow, MO 62nd USCI MO
October 20 Waterloo, LA 75th USCI LA
October 21 Bryant's Plantation, FL 3rd USCI PA
October 21 Harrodsburg, KY 5th USCC KY
October 22 White River, AR 53rd USCI MS
October 27 & 28 Fair Oaks, VA 1st USCI DC
    5th USCI OH
    9th USCI MD
    22nd USCI PA
    29th CONN INF CT
    37th USCI NC
October 27 & 28 Hatcher's Run, VA 27th USCI OH
    39th USCI MD
    41st USCI PA
    43rd USCI PA
    45th USCI PA
October 28 & 29 Decatur, AL 14th USCI TN
October 28 & 29 Richmond, VA 2nd USCC VA
    7th USCI MD
October 31 Deep Bottom, VA 127th USCI PA
November 1 Black River, LA 6th USCHA MS
November 4 Chapin's Farm, VA 22nd USCI PA
November 14 Cow Creek, KS 54th USCI AR
November 17 Dutch Gap, VA 36th USCI NC
November 19 Ash Bayou, LA 93rd USCI LA
November 19 Timber Hill, CN 79th USCI (NEW) KS
November 22 Rolling Fork, MS 3rd USCC MS
November 23 Morganzia, LA 84th USCI LA
November 24 Sec. 37, N. & N.W.R.R.,TN 12th USCI TN
November 26 Madison Station, AL 101st USCI TN
November 30 Bermuda Hundred, VA 19th USCI MD
November 30 Honey Hill, SC 32nd USCI PA
    35th USCI NC
    54th MASS INF MA
    55th MASS INF MA
    102nd USCI MI
December 1 Bermuba Hundred, VA 39th USCI MD
December 2 Nashville, TN 44th USCI GA
December 4 Bermuda Hundred, VA 19th USCI MD
December 5 Gregory's Farm, SC 26th USCI NY
December 7 Nashville, TN 18th USCI MO
December 7, 8, & 9 Deveaux Neck, SC 32nd USCI PA
    34th USCI SC
    55th MASS INF MA
    102nd USCI MI
December 9 Gregory's Farm, SC 26th USCI NY
December 10 Fort Burnham, VA 41st USCI PA
December 12 Hopkinsville, KY 5th USCC KY
December 13 Bermuda Hundred, VA 23rd USCI VA
December 15 & 16 Nashville, TN 12th USCI TN
    13th USCI TN
    14th USCI TN
    17th USCI TN
    18th USCI MO
    100th USCI KY
December 17 Mitchell's Creek, FL 82nd USCI LA
December 17 & 18 Pine Barren Ford, FL 82nd USCI LA
December 17 thru 19 Pine Barren Creek, AL 97th USCI LA
December 18 Marion, VA 6th USCC KY
December 18 Arkansas River, AR 54th USCI AR
December 19 Rector's Farm, AR 83rd USCI (NEW) KS
December 20 Saltville, VA 5th USCC KY
December 21 Nashville, TN 44th USCI GA
December 22 McKay's Point SC 26th USCI NY
December 24 Murfreesboro, TN 12th USCI TN
December 24 Fort Smith, AR 83rd USCI (NEW) KS
December 27 & 28 Decatur, AL 17th USCI TN

1865

January-- Big Springs, KY 12th USCHA KY
January 2 Franklin, MS 3rd USCC MS
January 5 Mud Creek, AL 106th USCI AL
January 5 Smithfield, KY 6th USCC KY
January 7 Magnolia, TN 15th USCI TN
January 8 Scottsboro, AL 101st USCI TN
January 8 Joy's Ford, AR 79th USCI (NEW) KS
January 17 "Lotus" Steamer, AR 83rd USCI (NEW) KS
January 18 Clarksville, AR 79th USCI (NEW) KS
January 19 Sugar Loaf Hill, NC 6th USCI PA
January 24 Boggs' Mills, AR 11th USCI (OLD) AR
January 24 Fort Brady, VA 118th USCI KY
January 24 Fort Burnham, VA 7th USCI MD
January 25 Simpsonville, KY 5th USCC KY
January 25 Powhatan, VA 1st USCC VA
January 27 Sand Mountain 18th USCI MO
February-- Chattanooga, TN 16th USCI TN
February 9 Salkehatchie, SC 102nd USCI MI
February 10 James Island, SC 55th MASS INF MA
February 11 Federal Point, NC 39th USCI MD
February 11 Sugar Loaf Hill, NC 4th USCI MD
    6th USCI PA
    30th USCI MD
February 16 Cedar Keys, FL 2nd USCI VA
February 17 "Chippewia," Steamer, AR 83rd USCI (NEW) KS
February 18 Fort Jones, KY 12th USCHA KY
February 20 Town Creek, NC 1st USCI DC
February 22 Wilmington, NC 1st USCI DC
February 25 Briggen Creek, SC 55th MASS INF MA
March 1 St. Stephen's SC 55th MASS INF MA
March 6 Natural Bridge, FL 2nd USCI VA
    99th USCI LA
March 8 "Alliance" Steamer, FL 99th USCI LA
March 10 Marion County, FL 3rd USCI PA
March 15 Yazoo City, MS 3rd USCC MS
March 18 Boyd's Station, AL 101st USCI TN
March 18 Amite River, LA 77th USCI LA
March 24 Cox's Bridge, NC 30tn USCI MD
March 25 Brawley Fork, TN 17th USCI TN
March 27 to April 8 Spanish Fort, AL 68th USCI MO
March 31 White Oak Road, VA 29th USCI IL
March 31 to April 9 Fort Blakely, AL 47th USCI LA
    48th USCI LA
    50th USCI LA
    51st USCI MS
    68th USCI MO
    73rd USCI LA
    76th USCI LA
    82nd USCI LA
    86th USCI LA
April 4 Jacksonville, FL 3rd USCI PA
April 6 Warsaw, NC 1st USCI DC
April 7 Raleigh, NC 5th USCI OH
April 9 Appomattox Court House, VA 41st USCI PA
April 18 Boykin's Mills, SC 54th MASS INF MA
April 18 Bradford's Springs SC 102nd USCI MI
April 18 Taylorsville, KY 119th USCI KY
April 19 Swift's Creek, SC 102nd USCI MI
May-- Saline River, AR 54th USCI AR
May 15 Palmetto Ranch, TX 62nd USCI MO
September-- Fort Gibson, CN 54th USCI AR
November 4 Cabin Creek, CN 54th USCI AR



Data Sources and References:

  • Dyer, Frederick H. A COMPENDIUM OF THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. (3 Volumes).
    New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
  • Gladstone, William A. UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS 1863-1867. Gettysburg:
    Thomas Publications, 1990.
  • United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. (Numerous Volumes). Washington:
    Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.
  • Wilson, Joseph T. THE BLACK PHALANX: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States in the Wars of 1775-1812, 1861-1865. Hartford, CT.:
    American Publishing Company, 1890. (Copyright 1968 by Arno Press, Inc., and reprinted by Ayer Company Publishers, Inc., 1992.

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Category: Civil War | Subcategory: Battles | Tags: Mississippi , Louisiana , Washington , Kansas
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