Alabama's United States Colored Troops in the Civil War
Bennie J. McRae, Jr.
In remembrance of the thousands of Black men from Alabama and surrounding states who served as soldiers in the Union Army; the thousands of men and women (CONTRABANDS), who escaped slavery or were liberated, that worked for the Union Army as scouts, spies, nurses, laundresses, stevedores, foragers, general laborers, field hands, blacksmiths, teamsters, cooks, servants; and the thousands of men, women and children who were not able to escape the bondage of slavery and did not experience freedom until the end of the Civil War or after ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 143
Establishing the Bureau of Colored Troops
(Places of organization and dates)
USCC = United States Colored Cavalry
USCHA = United States Colored Heavy Artillery
USCLA = United States Colored Light Artillery
USCI = United States Colored Infantry
11th USCI (NEW) (La Grange, Lafayette, Memphis, Tennessee and Corinth, Mississippi as 1st Alabama Siege Artillery Regiment - June, 1863)
55TH USCI (Corinth, Mississippi as 1st Regiment Alabama Volunteers - May, 1863)
106TH USCI (Decatur - as 4th Regiment Alabama Volunteers - March, 1864)
110TH USCI (Pulaski, Tennessee - as 2nd Regiment Alabama Volunteers - November, 1863)
111TH USCI (Pulaski, Prospect, and Lynnville, Tennessee, and Sulphur Branch Trestle, Alabama - as 3rd Regiment Alabama Volunteers - January, 1864)
137TH USCI (Selma - April 8, 1865)
1ST Alabama Cavalry Regiment - USV (Huntsville, Alabama and Memphis, Tennessee)
REFERENCES AND SOURCES:
Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 Volumes. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
Gladstone, William A. Men of Color. Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1993.
National Park Service. Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
United States War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 Volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.
Wilson, Joseph T. The Black Phalanx: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States in the Wars of 1775-1812, 1861-'65. Hartford, CT.: American Publishing Company, 1890. (Copyright 1968 by Arno Press, Inc., and reprinted by Ayer Company Publishers, Inc., 1992.)
Researched and Compiled by
Bennie J. McRae, Jr.
visits since 20 June 2009