NORTH CAROLINA'S UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS
In remembrance of the thousands of Black men from North Carolina and surrounding states who served as soldiers in the Union Army; the thousands of men and women (CONTRABANDS), who escaped slavery or were liberated, that worked for the Union Army as scouts, spies, nurses, laundresses, stevedores, foragers, general laborers, field hands, blacksmiths, teamsters, cooks, servants; and the thousands of men, women and children who were not able to escape the bondage of slavery and did not experience freedom until the end of the Civil War or after ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America.
Establishing the Bureau of Colored Troops
(Place of organization and original designation)
14th USCHA - (New Berne and Marblehead - March 14, 1864-April 30, 1865 as 1st North Carolina Heavy Artillery)
35th USCI - (New Berne - June 30, 1863 as 1st North Carolina Colored Volunteer Infantry)
36th USCI - (Portsmouth, Virginia - October 28, 1863 as 2nd North Carolina Colored Volunteer Infantry)
37th USCI - (Norfolk, Virginia - January 30-September 19, 1864 as 3rd North Carolina Colored Volunteer Infantry)
135th USCI - (Goldsboro - March 28, 1865
REFERENCES AND SOURCES:
Dyer, Frederick H. A COMPENDIUM OF THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 3 Volumes. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
Gladstone, William A. MEN OF COLOR. Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1993.
National Park Service. Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 Volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.
Wilson, Joseph T. THE BLACK PHALANX: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States in the Wars of 1775-1812, 1861-'65. Hartford, CT.: American Publishing Company, 1890. (Copyright 1968 by Arno Press, Inc., and reprinted by Ayer Company Publishers, Inc., 1992.)
Researched and Compiled by
Bennie J. McRae, Jr.