Lest We Forget - African American Military History by Researcher, 
					Author and Veteran Bennie McRae, Jr.

INTRODUCTION - MOBILE CAMPAIGN

INTRODUCTION - USCT IN THE MOBILE, ALABAMA CAMPAIGN

Researched and compiled by

Bennie J. McRae, Jr.
 The organization of Union forces under the command of Major General Edward R.S. Canby began operations on March 17, 1865 and ended on or about April 12, 1865. The major units and commanders are listed below:

 

 

Engineer Brigade Brigadier General Joseph Bailey
Siege Train Brigadier General James Totten
Thirteenth Army Corps Major General Gordon Granger
Sixteenth Army Corps Major General John M. Johnson
Column From Pensacola Bay, Florida Major General Frederick Steele
Cavalry Brigadier General Thomas J. Lucas
Artillery Brigadier General Joseph F. Knipe
District of South Alabama Brigadier General T. Kilby Smith

 

Assigned to the Engineer Brigade were two U. S. Colored Infantry Regiments, the 96th and 97th U. S. Colored Infantry Regiments.

Assigned to the The Column From Pensacola Bay, Florida was the First Division made up entirely of U. S. Colored Infantry, nine regiments in three brigades.

Listed below are the regiments and a brief history which includes previous engagement before the Mobile Campaign (USCI = United States Colored Infantry Regiment):

 

  • 47th USCI - Organized at Lake Providence, Louisiana, May, 1863, as the 8th Regiment Louisiana Volunteers; redesignated the 47th USCI, March, 1864. Battles: Lake Providence, Liverpool Heights, Yazoo City. Mustered out January, 1866.
  • 48th USCI - Organized at Lake Providence, Louisiana and Goodrich's Landing, Louisiana, May, 1863, as the 10th Regiment Louisiana Volunteers; redesignated the 48th USCI, March, 1864. Battles: Bayou Tensa and Vicksburg. Mustered out January, 1866.
  • 50th USCI - Organized at Vicksburg, Mississippi, July, 1863, as the 12th Louisiana Volunteers; redesignated the 50th USCI, March, 1864. No previous major engagements prior to the Mobile Campaign. Mustered out March, 1866.
  • 51st USCI - Organized at Milliken's Bend, Louisiana and Vicksburg, Mississippi, May 1863, as the 1st Regiment Mississippi Volunteers; redesignated the 51st USCI, March, 1864. Battles: Milliken's Bend, Ross Landing, and Floyd. Mustered out June, 1866.
  • 68th USCI - Organized at Benton Barracks, Missouri, March, 1864, as the 4th Regiment Missouri Volunteers; redesignated the 68th USCI, March, 1864. Battles: Tupelo and Spanish Fort. Mustered out February, 1866.
  • 73rd USCI - Organized at New Orleans, Louisiana, September, 1862, as the 1st Louisiana Native Guard Volunteers; redesignated the 1st Regiment Corps d' Afrique, and to 73rd USCI, April 1864; consolidated with the 96th USCI, September, 1865. Battles: Port Hudson, Jackson, Bayou Tunica, Steamer City Belle, and Morganzia. NOTE: The 1st Louisiana Native Guards (73rd U. S. Colored Infantry Regiment) was the first unit of Black soldiers to be officially mustered into the Union Army.
  • 76th USCI - Organized at New Orleans, Louisiana, February, 1863, as the 4th Regiment Louisiana Native Guard Volunteers; redesignated the 4th Regiment Corps d' Afrique, June, 1863, and to the 76th USCI, April, 1864. No previous major engagement prior to the Mobile Campaign.
  • 82nd USCI - Organized at Port Hudson, Louisiana, September, 1863 as the 10th Regiment Corps d' Afrique, and redesignated the 82nd USCI , April, 1864. Battles: Port Hudson, Barrancas, Mariana, Mitchell's Creek, and Pine Barren Ford. Mustered out September, 1866.
  • 86th USCI - Organized at New Orleans, Louisiana, August, 1863, as the 14th Regiment EM>Corps d' Afrique; redesignated the 86th USCI, April 1864. No previous major engagements prior to the Mobile Campaign.
  • 96th USCI - Organized at New Orleans, Louisiana during August, 1863, as the 2nd Regiment Engineers Corps d' Afrique; redesignated the 96th USCI, April, 1964. Battle: Fort Gaines. NOTE: The 96th and the 73rd USCI, assigned to the Column From Pensacola Bay, Florida, consolidated during September, 1865; mustered out January, 1866.
  • 97th USCI - Originally composed of soldiers transferred from the 1st Regiment Engineers Corps d' Afrique, and subsequently organized as the 3rd Regiment Engineers Corps d' Afrique in New Orleans, Louisiana, August 1863; redesignated the 97th USCI, April, 1864. Battle: Pine Barren. Mustered out April, 1866.

REFERENCES:

Dyer, Frederick H. A COMPENDIUM OF THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 3 Volumes. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.

Gladstone, William A. MEN OF COLOR. Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1993.

Wilson, Joseph T. THE BLACK PHALANX: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States in the Wars of 1775-1812, 1861-'65. Hartford, CT.: American Publishing Company, 1890. (Copyright 1968 by Arno Press, Inc., and reprinted by Ayer Company Publishers, Inc., 1992.)

 

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SOURCE OF REPORTS, ORDERS AND LETTERS:

United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 48. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.

 


SOURCE: United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.

 


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Category: Civil War | Subcategory: Reports | Tags: Native Guard , Mississippi , Florida , Alabama , Louisiana , Washington , Missouri
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