Lest We Forget - African American Military History by Researcher, 
					Author and Veteran Bennie McRae, Jr.

HEADQUARTERS ARMY CF THE POTOMAC

CONTRABANDS
Report 7

 REPORTS 
(Complete)
 

SOURCE: United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 Volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901. 


HEADQUARTERS ARMY CF THE POTOMAC,
Camp Lincoln, near Richmond, June 26, 1862.


GENERAL: I have the honor to report the following information relative to
the forces and defenses of the rebel army of the Peninsula, including the
forces and defenses of Yorktown up to the time of the evacuation and of
:Richmond and vicinity up to date of this report; this information having
been obtained and extracted from statements made at these headquarters by
spies, contrabands, deserters, refugees, and prisoners of war, in the order
of time as hereinafter indicated, and which at the time of reception were
made the subject of special reports to you. I have also appended to this
report a varied summary of those forces and defenses, showing by different
combinations about the probable number of these forces and the locality and
strength of their defenses.
The summary of the general estimates of the rebel army at Yorktown up to
about the time of the evacuation shows their forces to be 100,000 to
120,000. The specific information regarding the rebel army at Yorktown,
obtained to date, shows the following-named organizations, Twenty-two
brigades, ninety-one regiments, three legions, two battalions infantry,
five battalions artillery, sixteen companies artillery, and two companies
infantry.
This information is necessarily limited, because the rapid accumulation of
rebel troops at Yorktown and their subsequent changes of organization
rendered it impossible to obtain but a partial specific knowledge of their
forces.
The summary of general estimates of the rebel army shows their forces to be
at this time over 180,000 men, and the specific information already
obtained warrants the belief that this number is probably considerably
short of the real strength of their army, which is as follows: Two hundred
regiments infantry and cavalry, including the re-enforcements just arrived
of Jackson's and Ewell's forces (eight battalions), five battalions
artillery, twelve companies infantry and independent cavalry, and forty-six
companies of artillery-- in all about forty or fifty brigades. The forces
under General Jackson just arrived have been ascertained by general
estimate and by partial specific information, and the number is probably
about 30,000, which includes about 10,000 sent from Richmond to re-enforce
him lately, and which only reached him and formed a junction at a very
recent date.
The summary shows the number of earthworks completed by the rebels in the
vicinity of and for the defense of Richmond to be fifty-two, and the
specific number of guns shown to be mounted on thirty-six of the same is
about 205, leaving sixteen fortifications without specific information as
to the number of guns.
All of which, general, is respectfully submitted, by your obedient servant,


E. J. ALLEN.


Maj. Gen. GEORGE B. McCLELLAN,
Commanding Army of the Potomac.

------------------------------------

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,
Camp at Harrison's Landing, Va., August 14, 1862.


GENERAL: I have the honor to report the following information of the forces
and defenses and the movement of the forces of the rebel army of Richmond
and vicinity from the time of commencing the  Seven-days' Battles
at Mechanicsville to date of this report, including the movement from
Richmond to the valley of Jackson and his forces and the reenforcements
sent to him from the army at Richmond, which information has been derived
from statements made at these headquarters by spies, contrabands,
deserters, refugees, and prisoners of war, in order of time as hereinafter
indicated, and which at the time indicated were made the subject of special
reports to you. I have also appended to and made it part of this report a
varied summary of these forces and their movements, together with summary
of the defenses in the vicinities of Richmond and Petersburg, showing the
probable number of these forces and the position and strength of their
defenses.
The summary of general estimates shows 200,000 men to have composed the
rebel army of Richmond about the time of the Seven-days' Battle, which
estimates are abundantly confirmed by the specific information obtained up
to date of this report, as will be seen by reference to the table showing
organization of the rebel army accompanying and part of this report.

It is also shown that the rebel losses in the seven battles before
Richmond in killed, wounded, missing, and prisoners was at least 40,000
men. It is also shown that General Jackson left for Gordonsville early in
July with 40,000 men, and that at least as many more were sent to
re-enforce him before the 10th of August, thus leaving the entire rebel
force in the vicinity of Richmond and Petersburg, according to information
received up to date of this report, 80,000 men.
The table of specific organizations of the rebel army shows that they had
forty-six brigades, two hundred and fifteen regiments, nineteen battalions,
and one company infantry, one legion, eleven regiments cavalry, two
battalions, and six companies ditto, three battalions artillery, and
seventy-six batteries of artillery; in all equaling two hundred and
fifty-two regiments. Of course, in the nature of the case, this specific
information does not cover their entire army, and must, therefore, be taken
as below even a minimum estimate.
All of which, general, is respectfully submitted, by your obedient servant,


E. J. ALLEN.


Maj. Gen. GEORGE. B. McCLELLAN,
Commanding Army of the Potomac.


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Category: Civil War | Subcategory: Contrabands | Tags: Washington
Related Topics / Keywords / Phrases: 1862, 1880, 1901, Army, Army of the Potomac, Cavalry, Jack, Jackson, Lincoln (Nebraska), Mary, Mississippi, Petersburg (Virginia), Richmond, United States War Department, War Department, Ward,