A CONVENTION supplementary to the treaty of friendship this day made andconcluded at the council
Seminole Nation and the Confederate States of America
A CONVENTION supplementary to the treaty of friendship this day made and concluded at the council-house of the Seminole Nation, on the first day of August, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, between the Confederate States of America, by Albert Pike, their commissioner, with full powers, of the one part, and the Seminole Nation of red men, by their chiefs, headmen, and warriors in general council assembled, of the other part.
In addition to the said treaty, and by way of separate convention and agreement, it is hereby agreed between the said parties that in consideration of the common interests of the Confederate States and the Seminole Nation, and of the protection and rights secured and guaranteed to the latter by said treaty, the said Seminole Nation will raise and furnish, and the Confederate States will receive into their service, not less than two nor more than five companies of mounted men, to serve in the armies of the Confederate States for twelve months. Each company shall be composed of not less than 64 nor more than 100 men in all. The company officers shall be elected by the members of the company, and the major commanding by a majority of the votes of all the members of the battalion. The men shall be armed by the Confederate States, receive the same pay and allowances as other mounted troops in the service, and not be moved beyond the limits of the Indian country west of Arkansas, without their consent. In testimony whereof the said Albert Pike, as such commissioner of the Confederate States, doth hereunto set his hand and affix the seal of his arms, and Hin-i-ha Micco or John Jumper, principal chief of the Seminole Nation, Pas-co-fa, George Cloud, Fos-hut-ehi Tus-ti-nuk-ki, Ta-eo-sa Fic-si-co, Hal-pa-ta, I-ma-thla, Fos-hut-chi tIa-cho-chi, Sa-to-a Hacho, O-chi-si Cho-fo-to-a, Cho-fo-top Hacho, Su-nuk Micco, and Tus-ti-nuk Co-cho-co-ni, town chiefs, commissioners with plenary powers thereof, on the part of the Seminole Nation, do hereunto set their hands and affix their seals.
Done in duplicate at the Seminole Agency, in the Seminole Nation, on the second day of August, in the year first aforesaid.
Commissioner of the Confederate States of America
to the Indian Nations West of Arkansas.
John Jumper, principal chief of the Seminole Nation; Pas-co-fa, town chief; George Cloud, town chief; Fos-hut-chi Tus-ti-nuk-ki, town chief; Fos-hut-chi Ha-cho-chi, town chief; O-chi-si Cho-fo-to-a, town chief; Tus-ti-nuk Co-cho-co-ni, town chief; Sa-to-a Hacho, town chief; Cho-fo-top Hacho, town chief; Su-nuk Micco, town chief; Ta-co-sa Fic-si-co, town chief; Hal-pa-ta, town chief; I-ma-thla, town chief.
Signed, sealed, and mutually delivered in our presence.
Wm. Quesenbury, secretary to the commissioner; E. Rector, superintendent of Indian affairs for the Western Superintendency; Samuel M. Rutherford, agent of the Confederate States for the Seminoles; James M. C. Smith, special interpreter; Charles B. Johnson, W. Warren Johnson, W. L. Pike, W. H. Faulkner.
(To the Indian names are subjoined marks.)
Resolved (two-thirds of the Congress concurring), That the Congress of the Confederate States of America do advise and consent to the ratification of the articles of a treaty made by Albert Pike, commissioner of the Confederate States to the Indian nations west of Arkansas, in behalf of the Confederate States, of the one part, and by the Seminole Nation of Indians, by its chiefs, headmen, and war-riots in general council assembled, of the other part, concluded at the Seminole council-house, in the Seminole Nation, on the first day of August, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, with the following amendments:
I. Add at the end of Article XXX the following words, "and the Confederate States will request the several States of the Confederacy to adopt and enact the provisions of this article in respect to suits and proceedings in their respective courts."
II. Strike out from Article XXXVII the following words, "the same rights and privileges as may be enjoyed by the Delegates from any Territory of the Confederate States to the said House of Representatives," and insert in lieu thereof the following words, "a seat in the Hall of the House of Representatives, to propose and introduce measures for the benefit of said nations and to be heard in regard thereto and on other questions in which either of said nations is particularly interested, with such other rights and privileges as may be determined by the House of Representatives."
III. Strike out from Article XXXVIII the following words, "or in a State court," and insert in lieu thereof the following words, "or in a State court, subject to the laws of the State."
Resolved further (two-thirds of the Congress concurring), That the Congress do also advise and consent to the ratification of the convention, supplementary to the aforesaid treaty with the Seminoles, made by the same parties of each part and concluded at the same time and place with the same.
NOTE.--The foregoing treaty, together with the amendments, was duly ratified by the Seminole Nation.
SOURCE: United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 Volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.
Go to Act of Loyalty
Return to Seminole Treaty
Return to Index Page