Lest We Forget - African American Military History by Researcher, 
					Author and Veteran Bennie McRae, Jr.

JULY 1

JULY 1-2, 1863.--Engagement at Cabin Creek, Indian Territory.

Report of Maj. John A. Foreman, Third Indian Home Guards.

 

FORT BLUNT, July 5, 1863.


SIR: In compliance with your instructions, I joined your supply train from
Fort Scott, at Baxter Springs, on the 24th of June, instant [ultimo]. On
the 25th, began the march with the train for this place. Arrived at
Hudson's Ford, on the Neosho River, the 26th instant [ultimo], where we
were obliged to remain until the 29th by high water, when we succeeded in
crossing the train. On the 30th, we discovered a trail. I immediately
detached Lieutenant [Luke F.] Parsons, of the Third Indian Regiment, with
20 Cherokees, to ascertain what had made the trail, as it was fresh.
Parsons followed the trail about 4 miles, when he found 30 of the enemy,
who proved to be Stand Watie's advanced picket. He gallantly attacked and
defeated them, taking 3 prisoners and killing 4. On the 1st of July we
arrived at Cabin Creek, where we found the enemy in force, concealed in a
thicket on the south bank of the creek. I immediately deployed my command
on the right and left of the ford. Lieutenants [David A.] Painter, of the
Second, and Parsons, of the Third Indian Regiments, on the right;
Lieutenant [Fred.] Crafts, of the First Indian, and Lieutenant [Benjamin
H.] Whitlow, of the Third, on the left, Captain Armstrong, with one section
of his battery, and Lieutenant [Jule C.] Cayot, of the Third Indian
Regiment, with a mountain howitzer, coming promptly into position in the
center. We opened a brisk fire upon the enemy in the thicket on the
opposite bank, which we continued for half an hour. By this time the
enemy's fire had nearly ceased, so we moved forward into the stream, which
proved too deep to ford, and we were obliged to fall back.
On the morning of the 2d, one section of Blair's battery took position on
an eminence about 900 yards to the left of the ford; one section of
Armstrong's battery obtained a commanding position on the right; the main
column, consisting of the Indians and five companies of the First Negro
Regiment, were stationed in the center. After obtaining this position, we
opened fire. The firing was continued about twenty minutes, when I received
notice from the lookouts that the enemy were in disorder (not being able to
see their movements from the creek, I had stationed a lookout or picket in
some trees near Armstrong's battery). I ordered the firing to cease, and
the main column to move forward. When nearly across the creek, I was
wounded, and obliged to go to the rear. The column pushed on, under Colonel
Williams, of the First Colored Regiment, and drove the enemy from their
position. They were hotly pursued by Captain Stewart and his company, of
the Ninth Kansas Cavalry. Our loss is 3 killed and 30 wounded. The enemy's
loss is 9 prisoners. The number of their killed and wounded is unknown, but
must be heavy.
As discrimination is impossible where all are brave, I return my heartfelt
thanks to the officers and men of that command for their gallantry, energy,
and perseverance on that trying occasion.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


JOHN A. FOREMAN,
Major Third Indian Regiment


Col. WILLIAM A. PHILLIPS,
Commanding Forces in the Field.

 

SOURCE: United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 Volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.

 


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Category: Civil War | Subcategory: Indian Territory | Tags: Cherokee , Washington , Kansas
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